In , the anti-Fascist activists Ernesto Rossi and Altiero Spinelli, placed under house arrest on the Italian island of Ventotene, draw up a manifesto for a free. Download, Total Views, Stock, ∞. File Size, KB. File Type, pdf. Create Date, Wednesday December 7th, Last Updated. Among the activities promoted by the Committee, there was the translation of the Ventotene Manifesto in all EU languages (missing so the.
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The Ventotene Manifesto — French 1.
The Ventotene Manifesto – English
The progressive front would be quickly shattered in the brawl between economic classes and categories. A thousand bells ring in its ears.
In this field, nationalization must certainly be introduced on a vast scale, without regard for acquired rights. At the very moment when the greatest decisiveness and boldness is needed, democrats lose their way, not having the backing of spontaneous popular approval, but rather a gloomy tumult of passions. Furthermore, it is easier to find a basis of agreement for a European arrangement of colonial possessions since England has accepted the principle of India’s independence and since France has potentially lost its entire empire in recognizing its defeat.
These recruits will be the solid network that will give consistency to the more ephemeral sphere of the sympathizers. But while Hitler’s Germany has managed to chop down the smaller States one by one, this has forced increasingly powerful forces to join battle.
The Ventotene Manifesto – English – Istituto di Studi Federalisti Altiero Spinelli
We are thus proposing an manifrsto reform which will increase the number of owners enormously by giving land to those who actually farm it and an industrial reform which will extend workers’ ownership in non-nationalized sectors, through co-operative adventures, employee profit-sharing, and so on. In their thousand tendencies, they do not represent a will for renewal, but vain and very confused ambitions found in minds that, by becoming paralyzed, actually prepare the terrain for the growth of the reaction.
Yet, commitment to common goals seems to depend on the development of a multi-speed EU, as the current EU cannot cope with further slowdowns and veto players. The guiding light in determining what steps need to be taken, however, cannot simply be the manifestp doctrinaire principle whereby private ownership of the material means of production must in principle be abolished and only temporarily tolerated when dispensing with ventoetne entirely. Private property must be abolished, limited, corrected, or extended according to the circumstances and not according to any dogmatic principle.
With propaganda and action, seeking to establish in every possible way the agreements and links among the individual movements which are certainly in the process of being formed in the various countries, the foundation must be built now for a movement that knows how to mobilize all forces for venotene birth of the new organism which will be the grandest creation, and the newest, that has occurred in Europe for centuries; in order to constitute a steady federal State, that will have at its disposal a European armed service instead of national armies; that will break decisively economic ventoteje, the backbone of totalitarian regimes; that will have sufficient means to see that its deliberations for the maintenance of common order are executed in the individual federal sates, while each State will retain the autonomy it needs for a plastic articulation and development ventoteme political life according to the particular characteristics of the manitesto peoples.
The slow process which led huge masses of men to be meekly shaped by the new regime, who adjusted to it and even contributed to its consolidation, has been halted and the reverse process has started. This process should have been the synthesis of the freely expressed and changing economic and ideological needs of all mankfesto classes. Their crowning dream is a constituent assembly, elected by the broadest suffrage, which scrupulously respects the rights of the electors, who must decide upon the constitution they want.
We have seen a demonstration that no country within Europe can stay on the sidelines while the others battle: The Ventotene Manifesto — Luxembourg 2.
This threatened to dissolve the State into countless economic fiefdoms, each bitterly opposed to the others.
Ventitene real revolutionary movement must arise from among those who vejtotene been bold enough to criticize ventotdne old political approaches and it must be able to collaborate with democratic and with communist forces; and manifdsto with all those who work for the break-up of totalitarianism, without, however, becoming ensnared by the political practices of any of these. The unions will have broad collaborative functions with State bodies which are appointed to resolve problems directly involving these unions, but they should have absolutely no legislative power, since this would create a kind of feudal anarchy in the economic life of the country, leading to renewed political despotism.
Intwo anti fascist intellectuals, Ernesto Rossi and Altiero Spinelli were placed under arrest on the Italian island of Ventotene, and there wrote a manifesto for a free and united Europe, against nationalism, for solidarity, cooperation and respect for cultural plurality.
This consolidated the existence of a thoroughly ventoteen class of absentee landowners and rentiers who contribute to social productivity only by cutting the coupons off their bonds. Or they aspire to a unilateral dictatorship of the proletariat in order to achieve the utopistic collectivization of all the material means of production, indicated by centuries of propaganda as the panacea for all evils. In totalitarian States, the corporative chambers are the crowning hoax of police control over the workers.
A political organization of this kind made it possible to correct or at least to minimize many of the most strident injustices inherited from previous regimes.
This guiding principle is a natural feature in the process of forming a European economic life freed from the nightmares of militarism or national bureaucratism. Germany’s defeat would not automatically lead to the reorganization of Europe in accordance with our ideal of civilization. The question which must be resolved first, failing which progress is no more than mere mainfesto, is the definitive abolition of the division of Europe into national, sovereign States.
But the pseudo-science of geopolitics has been created in an attempt to prove the soundness of theories about living space and to provide a theoretical cloak to the imperialist desire to dominate. A Draft Manifesto Per un’Europa libera e unita. All matters which would find easy solutions in the European Federation, just as corresponding problems, suffered by the small States which became part of a vaster national unity, lost their harshness as they were turned into problems of relationships between various provinces.
All religious faiths are to be equally respected, but the State must no longer have earmark funds for religion.
Its victory would mean the definitive consolidation of totalitarianism in the world. In each manifedto of study leading to training in different crafts and the various liberal and scientific professions, State schools should train the number of students which corresponds to the market requirements, so that average salaries will be roughly equal for all the professional categories, regardless of the differing rates of remuneration within each category according to individual skills.
The greatest achievements of human society in every field are due to the scientific method that lies behind this unfettered approach. Even during peacetime, considered to be pauses during which to prepare for subsequent, inevitable wars, the will of the military class now holds sway over the will of the civilian class in many countries, making it increasingly difficult to operate free political systems.